A-Z Index | Acland's Video Atlas of Human Anatomy
For example, neurophysiology is the study of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and how these work together to perform functions as complex and diverse as vision, movement, and thinking. Physiologists may work from the organ level exploring, for example, what different parts of the brain do to the molecular level such as exploring how an electrochemical signal travels along nerves.
Form is closely related to function in all living things. For example, the thin flap of your eyelid can snap down to clear away dust particles and almost instantaneously slide back up to allow you to see again. At the microscopic level, the arrangement and function of the nerves and muscles that serve the eyelid allow for its quick action and retreat. At a smaller level of analysis, the function of these nerves and muscles likewise relies on the interactions of specific molecules and ions.
Even the three-dimensional structure of certain molecules is essential to their function. Your study of anatomy and physiology will make more sense if you continually relate the form of the structures you are studying to their function. In fact, it can be somewhat frustrating to attempt to study anatomy without an understanding of the physiology that a body structure supports. Imagine, for example, trying to appreciate the unique arrangement of the bones of the human hand if you had no conception of the function of the hand.
Fortunately, your understanding of how the human hand manipulates tools—from pens to cell phones—helps you appreciate the unique alignment of the thumb in opposition to the four fingers, making your hand a structure that allows you to pinch and grasp objects and type text messages. In the past, anatomy has primarily been studied via observing injuries, and later by the dissection of anatomical structures of cadavers, but in the past century, computer-assisted imaging techniques have allowed clinicians to look inside the living body.
Human physiology is the scientific study of the chemistry and physics of the structures of the body. Physiology explains how the structures of the body work together to maintain life.
It is difficult to study structure anatomy without knowledge of function physiology. The two disciplines are typically studied together because form and function are closely related in all living things.
LFS122 Human Anatomy
Which of the following specialties might focus on studying all of the structures of the ankle and foot? A scientist wants to study how the body uses foods and fluids during a marathon run. For whom would an appreciation of the structural characteristics of the human heart come more easily: an alien who lands on Earth, abducts a human, and dissects his heart, or an anatomy and physiology student performing a dissection of the heart on her very first day of class?
- Human Anatomy VR;
- Forecast Verification: A Practitioners Guide in Atmospheric Science.
- Human Anatomy Atlas.
- Ethnography for Education;
Skip to content Increase Font Size. Chapter 1. An Introduction to the Human Body.
Learning Objectives Compare and contrast anatomy and physiology, including their specializations and methods of study Discuss the fundamental relationship between anatomy and physiology. Review Questions 1. Critical Thinking Questions 1. Name at least three reasons to study anatomy and physiology.
It can also help you make choices that promote your health, respond appropriately to signs of illness, make sense of health-related news, and help you in your roles as a parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, and caregiver.
Part 1: General Anatomy
For example, an anatomist may study the types of cells in the cardiac conduction system and how those cells are connected, while a physiologist would look at why and how the heart beats. Thus, anatomy and physiology are separate, but complimentary, studies of how an organism works. A complete article on the history of anatomy can be found here.
From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. History [ edit ] A complete article on the history of anatomy can be found here. Category : Book:Human Anatomy. Namespaces Book Discussion.